Natural disasters, the unleashed forces of nature, encompass events like earthquakes, hurricanes, floods, and wildfires, wielding immense impact on societies and landscapes. Natural calamity is such an event that can come at any time. It is an involuntary process, which comes at any time and goes away with the loss of life and property. Or to say that nature comes in some form or the other. The destruction of the earth and human tribe is bound to happen.
If we consider natural calamities, then it comes in many ways like, cloudburst, blizzard, tsunami, storm, cyclone etc. All keep coming, sometimes there is drought and famine, due to which all living beings and humans living on the earth. The situation becomes very bad. There is an outcry everywhere.
There is no restriction or control of human tribe on all these natural calamities. Nor can it be predicted to come, although sometimes it is known by scientists that a disaster is about to come, but it is difficult to find out how much and what will be the damage.
Aid is provided by the government in many ways, people who remain victims of disaster, which are as follows –
Natural Disaster – Safeguarding before Disaster Strikes
During the campaign run by the government. if any disaster is about to come, or if it is detected, then remove the people from that place to reach a safe place and warn the people about the disaster.
Helping People Affected by Disaster
To make arrangements for food and accommodation for those who are suffering from floods or any other calamity. Provide medical treatment to them, to reach food and other material to them.
Change in Nature of Loss
Whenever a disaster comes, many people become victims of it. Such people need to be covered under the plan of life insurance. What happens because of this, whatever has been lost, it is easily compensated.
Types of Natural Disaster
Disasters are unpredictable and often devastating events that can cause widespread damage and disruption. They come in various forms, each with its unique characteristics and impacts. From natural disasters like earthquakes, hurricanes, and floods to human-made disasters such as industrial accidents and terrorist attacks, understanding the different types of disasters is crucial for effective preparedness, response, and recovery efforts. These events challenge communities, governments, and organizations to mitigate risks, enhance resilience, and safeguard lives and livelihoods.
Earthquake Natural Disasters
This is such a disaster that comes at anytime and anywhere. Whenever an earthquake occurs, the earth starts shaking. All life is destroyed and goes away. Whenever this disaster comes, all living beings, animals, birds and humans the tribe suffers a great loss. Big walls, buildings under construction all get demolished in a moment.
It is said that the reason for the earthquake is that whenever there is friction in the north and south poles or in the plates, then this disaster comes. Sometimes the intensity of the earthquake comes very fast and sometimes it comes at a slow speed.
Tsunami and Cyclone Natural Disasters
Tsunami is such a devastating disaster that causes great loss. In this, animals suffer or are affected a lot. And there is death as well as there is a lot of loss to humans. Whenever the sea is calm, There is an increased risk of cyclone or tsunami coming.
When a tsunami or a cyclone comes, it also rains with very strong storms. Due to which not everyone gets a chance to hide. And there is a lot of loss of life and property.
Avalanche Natural Disasters
Avalanche is also such a disaster, which mostly comes in snowy places. In this, big icy mountains start breaking and there is a fierce avalanche, due to which there is chaos and snow freezes.
That’s why people living on the side of the Himalayas are more afraid of this thing. Because avalanches are more in the nights too.
Sometimes it happens that it rains continuously for several hours, due to which the whole thing gets submerged. Or say it becomes a cause of trouble for all living beings and humans. Such an event is called cloud burst.
There have been many such incidents like every year the problem of cloudburst is seen in Uttarakhand state of India. Similarly, in the year 2013, there was a lot of damage due to cloudburst in Kedarnath city. There was devastation all around. In this, about 6000 people died and there was a lot of economic loss.
Volcanoes are mostly seen in hot regions. It causes the destruction of volcanoes in many countries of the world. There is such a crack or hole present on the surface of the earth, from where the heat from inside the earth increases, hot lava, poisonous gas And the ashes etc all come out.
It has a very bad effect on the health of the people, due to which the surrounding environment becomes hot and toxic gas spreads in the atmosphere. Due to which people’s difficulties increase, many people die.
Natural Disaster Prevention Measures
People should always be updated, alert, smart, careful and wise to avoid natural disaster. Well, no prediction can be made about natural disaster. It can come anytime at any moment.
- The first thing should not be to live in such a place where natural calamities keep coming more and more.
- For people to live in their own house, after taking advice from a good knowledgeable engineer or engineer, get them built firmly. So that any calamity like cyclone, tsunami, earthquake etc. can be avoided.
- At the time of disaster, keep all the necessary items (equipment) with you which will be helpful in avoiding disaster.
- People should always keep getting information about this disaster by reading the newspaper. So that before any disaster comes, one should be prepared to deal with or avoid it.
Short Essay on Natural Disasters
Natural disasters are powerful and sudden events caused by natural forces that can lead to significant damage and disruption. These events are beyond human control and can have a profound impact on the environment, communities, and economies.
Natural disasters take various forms, each with its own unique characteristics:
Earthquakes occur when there’s a sudden release of energy from the Earth’s crust, causing the ground to shake. They can lead to collapsed buildings, landslides, and tsunamis.
Hurricanes or Typhoons
These are large storms that form over warm ocean waters. They bring strong winds, heavy rain, and can cause flooding and widespread destruction along coastlines.
Floods happen when rivers, lakes, or oceans overflow due to excessive rain, melting snow, or dam failure. They can submerge entire areas, causing damage to homes, crops, and infrastructure.
Tornadoes are rotating columns of air that extend from thunderstorms to the ground. They have powerful winds that can cause extreme damage in their path.
Volcanic eruptions occur when magma, ash, and gases escape from a volcano. They can lead to lava flows, ash clouds, and even tsunamis if underwater volcanoes are involved.
Landslides happen when large amounts of rock, soil, and debris move down a slope. They can be triggered by heavy rain, earthquakes, or volcanic activity.
Natural disasters are a reminder of the Earth’s immense power and our vulnerability to its forces. While we cannot prevent these events, we can take steps to prepare for them and reduce their impact.
It’s important for communities to have disaster plans, emergency kits, and education about how to stay safe during these events. Additionally, governments and organizations play a vital role in disaster preparedness, response, and recovery efforts to minimize the damage and help affected areas rebuild.
India Natural Disasters Helpline
NDRF HQ Contact Details
Directorate General, National Disaster Response Force
6th Floor, NDCC-II Building, Jai Singh Road, New Delhi-110001
Control Room Details
Tele/Fax No. – 011-23438091, 011-23438136
Email Id – hq.ndrf@Nic.In
Reception / Exchange Details
No. – 011-23438017, 011-23438019.