Essay On Makar Sankranti In English for Students & Children

essay on makar sankranti in english

ta-wp-editing=”1″ />Essay On Makar Sankranti In English, Makar Sankranti is an important Hindu festival celebrated around January 14th or 15th every year. People in different parts of India celebrate it with various names and traditions. During this festival, people enjoy special foods made with sesame seeds and jaggery, like til ladoo and chikki. These treats are made to celebrate the winter harvest.

Another fun activity during Makar Sankranti is flying kites. People of all ages participate in kite-flying competitions, making the sky colorful and lively. Apart from Hindu households, people from different communities also join in the celebrations. In various states, the festival is known by different names, like Pongal, Magh Bihu, Lohri, and Uttarayan.

This festival always comes in the cold (winter) season, so people wear warm clothes and enjoy this day in light sunlight. Like every year, when the sun passes through the Tropic of Capricorn, it is on the same date 14 January.

Meaning of Makar Sankranti

Makar Sankranti comes from two words: “Makar,” which means Capricorn, and “Sankranti,” which means transition. So, Makar Sankranti is about the sun moving into the Capricorn zodiac sign.

For Hindus, this event is special and sacred, and they celebrate it as a festival. The sun is essential in Hindu beliefs, and Makar Sankranti is a way to show respect to the sun and welcome the change in seasons. People celebrate with rituals, prayers, and joyful gatherings. It’s a time of happiness and spiritual significance.

Importance of Makar Sankranti

During Makar Sankranti, when the sun moves into Capricorn, it’s considered a special time in India. People believe that taking a dip in the holy Ganga river can clean your soul and remove sins, making you pure and blessed. This shift also means that days become longer and nights become shorter, which we can see from a scientific point of view.

Moreover, there’s a belief that if you take a dip in the ‘Triveni Sangam’ in Prayagraj during Makar Sankranti, especially during the ‘Kumbh Mela,’ it’s significant in religion. The ‘Triveni Sangam’ is where three important rivers (Ganga, Yamuna, and Brahmaputra) meet. Taking a holy dip there during this time is thought to wash away sins and clear obstacles from your life as the river flows.

What is the meaning of Makar Sankranti?

Makara Sankranti is a unique Hindu festival that stands out from other Hindu celebrations because it follows the solar calendar instead of the lunar calendar. In this context, ‘Makar’ refers to Capricorn, and ‘Sankranti’ signifies a transition. This festival is significant as it marks the sun’s movement from the Southern Hemisphere to the Northern Hemisphere, and it is considered a special and auspicious time.

So, when we say ‘Makar Sankranti,’ we mean the transition of the sun into the Capricorn zodiac sign. This event is seen as highly auspicious in Hinduism and is welcomed with lots of celebrations and festivities by people. It symbolizes a positive shift and is an occasion of joy and significance in the Hindu calendar.

Different Names of Makar Sankranti Festival in Different Regions

StateCelebrationCustoms and Traditions
Uttar PradeshFestival of Donation or Khichdi– Marks the beginning of the month-long Magh fair in Allahabad. – Fasting, eating, and offering Khichdi are part of the celebrations. – Khichdi Mela organized at Gorakhdham in Gorakhpur.
BiharKhichdi– Celebrated with the preparation and distribution of Khichdi. – Donation of urad, rice, gold, clothing, and other items is an essential part of the festivities.
MaharashtraDonation by Married Women– Married women donate cotton, oil, and salt to other married women.
BengalSesame Donation– People donate sesame after taking a bath. – Huge fair at Gangasagar. – Special sweetmeats called “pithe” made with rice flour, coconut, and jaggery.
Tamil NaduPongal– Celebrated as Pongal, continuing for 4 days.
GujaratKite Festival– Vibrant celebration of the kite festival.
Punjab & HaryanaLohri– Celebrated as Lohri. – Bonfire gatherings with dancing and throwing puffed rice and popcorn into the fire.

10 Lines On Makar Sankranti Essay In English

  • Makar Sankranti celebrates the sun’s transition into Capricorn, symbolizing the end of the winter solstice and the onset of longer days.
  • The festival typically occurs on January 14th or 15th, and it holds significant religious importance in Hinduism.
  • Across India, Makar Sankranti is celebrated with diverse names and customs, reflecting the country’s cultural diversity.
  • Taking a holy dip in rivers, especially the Ganga, is a common practice during Makar Sankranti, believed to purify the soul.
  • Flying kites is a popular activity during the festival, creating a vibrant and colorful atmosphere in the sky.
  • Special dishes made with sesame seeds and jaggery, like til ladoo, are prepared and shared among family and friends.
  • The festival is known by different names in various states, such as Pongal, Lohri, Bhogali Bihu, and Uttarayan.
  • Makar Sankranti signifies the triumph of light over darkness, representing positivity and spiritual growth.
  • It is not only a religious event but also an occasion for families and friends to come together, strengthening relationships.
  • Overall, Makar Sankranti encapsulates joy, spiritual significance, and the rich cultural tapestry of India.

The Cultural Significance of Makarsankranti

Makar Sankranti is a special festival deeply rooted in our cultural history and mythology. According to the stories, there was a powerful god named Sankranti who defeated a demon called Sankarasur. To remember this victory, we celebrate Makar Sankranti. Another demon named Kinkarasur was also defeated the next day, known as Kinkarant.

This festival is mentioned in the Hindu Almanac, Panchang, which provides information about Sankranti’s characteristics and movements. According to ancient beliefs, Dakshinayan represents a negative period, like the night of the Gods, while Uttarayan symbolizes a positive time, like the day of the Gods.

People in the northern part of India believe that on Makar Sankranti, the sun starts moving northward. They take dips in holy rivers like Ganga, Godavari, Krishna, and Yamuna, chanting mantras for spiritual upliftment. Astrologically, this period is considered fruitful, especially when the Sun enters signs like Cancer and Capricorn. So, Makar Sankranti is not just a festival; it’s a celebration with deep connections to mythology, spirituality, and astrological beliefs.

Conclusion (Essay On Makar Sankranti In English)

Makar Sankranti stands as a vibrant celebration of the sun’s transition, bringing together diverse traditions and cultural practices across India. The festival, marked by rituals, joyous activities, and the sharing of special foods, not only holds religious significance but also serves as a unifying force, fostering a sense of community and togetherness. Makar Sankranti encapsulates the spirit of positivity, spiritual growth, and the rich tapestry of India’s cultural heritage.


What is Makar Sankranti?

Makar Sankranti is a Hindu festival that marks the transition of the sun into the zodiac sign of Capricorn. It is celebrated in January every year.

Why is Makar Sankranti significant?

Makar Sankranti is considered significant as it symbolizes the end of the winter solstice and the beginning of longer days, signifying the triumph of light over darkness.

How is Makar Sankranti celebrated?

People celebrate Makar Sankranti by taking a holy dip in rivers, flying kites, preparing special dishes like til ladoo, and participating in various cultural activities.

Are there different names for Makar Sankranti in different states?

Yes, Makar Sankranti is known by various names such as Pongal, Lohri, Bhogali Bihu, Uttarayan, and Khichdi in different states of India.

What is the mythological significance of Makar Sankranti?

According to mythology, Makar Sankranti celebrates the victory of the god Sankranti over demons, and it is also associated with the defeat of demons like Sankarasur and Kinkarasur.

Are there specific rituals associated with Makar Sankranti?

Yes, taking a holy dip in rivers, offering prayers to the sun, flying kites, and preparing and sharing special foods like sesame seed sweets are common rituals during Makar Sankranti.

What is the astrological significance of Makar Sankranti?

Astrologically, Makar Sankranti marks the Sun’s entry into zodiac signs, particularly Cancer and Capricorn, which is considered a favorable and fruitful period.

Are there any specific foods associated with Makar Sankranti?

Yes, special foods made with sesame seeds and jaggery, like til ladoo and chikki, are commonly prepared and shared during Makar Sankranti celebrations.

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