Subhash Chandra Bose was a great Indian who really loved his country. He was born on January 23, 1897. He fought bravely against the British, who ruled India at that time. Bose was a revolutionary freedom fighter, which means he worked really hard to make India free.
He joined a group called the Indian National Congress, but later he left because he didn’t agree with some of their ideas. Bose thought they needed to be more aggressive to get freedom.
During World War II, he made a group called the Indian National Army to fight against the British. He got help from countries like Japan and Germany. People remember him for saying “Jai Hind” and talking on the radio from Singapore as Netaji, which means “Respected Leader”.
Even though we don’t know exactly what happened to him, Subhas Chandra Bose is still remembered and loved for his efforts to make India independent.
Contribution of Subhash Chandra Bose in the India Independence
Subhas Chandra Bose really wanted India to be free from British rule. He joined a group called the Indian National Congress and even became its president in 1939, but he didn’t stay for long because he left.
The British didn’t like that Bose was against them, so they kept him at home. But he left secretly in 1941 to get help from other countries against the British. He asked Russia and Germany for support.
In 1943, Japan agreed to help Bose. In Japan, he started the Indian National Army and made a temporary government. During World War II, some big countries recognized this government.
The Indian National Army, led by Bose, attacked parts of North-eastern India and captured some places. But they had to give up because of bad weather and Japanese rules. Bose didn’t want to surrender, so he tried to escape on a plane, but it probably crashed. Subhas Chandra Bose passed away on August 18, 1945.
Ideology of Subhash Chandra Bose for Many People
Subhas Chandra Bose really wanted India to be completely free, not just in phases. He became the president of the Congress two times, but he left because he didn’t agree with Mahatma Gandhi and the Congress leaders. Bose believed in using force, while Gandhi believed in non-violence.
Subhash Chandra Bose Wanted Full Independence:
Subhash Chandra Bose was passionate about achieving complete independence for India. Unlike some in the Congress who initially favored a phased approach with Dominion status, Bose insisted on the immediate and full freedom of the country.
Conflict with Gandhi and Congress:
Despite being elected as the president of the Congress twice, Bose had ideological conflicts with Mahatma Gandhi and other leaders. His strong belief in using force and his support for violent resistance clashed with Gandhi’s philosophy of non-violence.
Disagreement on non-violence:
Subhash Chandra Bose and Mahatma Gandhi held contrasting views regarding the use of force in India’s struggle for independence.
Bose’s Support for Violent Resistance:
- Bose believed in taking a more assertive and forceful stance against the British colonial rule.
- He advocated for the use of violence as a means to achieve the goal of Indian independence, seeing it as a pragmatic approach given the circumstances.
Gandhi’s Non-Violent Approach:
- Mahatma Gandhi, on the other hand, was a staunch proponent of non-violence.
- Gandhi believed in peaceful protests, civil disobedience, and non-cooperation as effective tools to challenge and ultimately overcome British rule.
This fundamental disagreement on the role of violence in the struggle for independence became a significant factor leading to Bose’s resignation from the presidency of the Indian National Congress and his subsequent pursuit of alternative paths to free India.
World War II Opportunity:
- Bose saw World War II as a chance to exploit British weakness.
- Traveled to USSR, Germany, and Japan seeking help.
- Bose perceived World War II as a unique opportunity to exploit the weakened position of the British. He believed that the chaos of the war could be used to India’s advantage in gaining independence.
- To capitalize on this situation, Bose traveled to different countries, including the USSR, Germany, and Japan, seeking support and assistance for India’s cause.
Leadership in the Fight Against the British:
- Bose’s leadership role became prominent when he formed the Indian National Army (INA) during World War II. The INA played a crucial role in confronting the British forces.
- Under Bose’s command, the INA launched attacks in the North-eastern parts of India, capturing some areas. However, due to unfavorable weather conditions and Japanese policies, the INA had to surrender, though Bose himself refused to do so.
Beliefs in Bhagwat Gita and Swami Vivekananda:
- Subhash Chandra Bose drew inspiration from the Bhagavad Gita, considering it a guiding light for the struggle against British rule. The teachings of the Gita fueled his determination and commitment to the cause.
- Additionally, Bose held the teachings of Swami Vivekananda in high esteem, finding strength and guidance in Vivekananda’s philosophy.
Unforgettable National Hero:
- Subhash Chandra Bose is remembered as an enduring national hero who displayed immense love and sacrifice for his country. His unwavering commitment to India’s freedom makes him a revered figure in the history of the nation’s struggle for independence.
Early Life and Family Background
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, born on January 23, 1897, in Cuttack, Orissa, emerged from a Kayastha family as the ninth child among fourteen siblings. His father, Janakinath Bose, a prosperous advocate, and his mother, Prabhavati Dutt Bose, fostered an environment of financial stability and familial warmth during his early years.
Birth and Family:
- Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was born on January 23, 1897, in Cuttack, which was then part of the Orissa division of the Bengal province.
- He belonged to a Kayastha family. His father, Janakinath Bose, was a successful advocate, ensuring a comfortable life for the family. His mother was Prabhavati Dutt Bose.
Siblings and Birth Order:
- Subhash Chandra Bose was the ninth of fourteen children born to Janakinath and Prabhavati Dutt Bose.
- Growing up in a large family, Bose experienced the dynamics of a bustling household with many siblings.
- Educational Journey and Spiritual Inclinations:
- Bose stood out as an above-average student during his early years of education.
Influence of Spiritual Teachings:
- He was deeply influenced by the teachings of spiritual leaders such as Ramakrishna Paramhans and Swami Vivekananda.
- His spiritual inclination became so strong at one point that he considered religion more important than his studies.
Subhash Chandra Bose’s formative years were marked by his family’s financial stability, his place within a large and vibrant household, and his early interest in both academics and spiritual pursuits. These early influences played a role in shaping the man who would later become a key figure in India’s struggle for independence.
Subhash Chandra Bose Essay in English 10 Lines
- Subhash Chandra Bose, born on January 23, 1897, was a key leader in India’s struggle for independence.
- He served as the president of the Indian National Congress but later parted ways due to ideological differences.
- Bose was a strong advocate of complete independence, differing from Gandhi’s phased approach, and supported violent resistance.
- Believing in the power of the people, he established the Forward Bloc to continue the fight for freedom.
- During World War II, Bose saw an opportunity to exploit British weakness and sought support from various countries.
- He formed the Indian National Army (INA) and a provisional government, aiming to liberate India from British rule.
- Bose drew inspiration from the Bhagavad Gita and Swami Vivekananda’s teachings in his pursuit of independence.
- The INA, led by Bose, engaged in armed conflict against the British, capturing certain regions in Northeastern India.
- Despite challenges, Bose’s determination and love for his country remained unwavering until his mysterious death in 1945.
- Subhash Chandra Bose’s legacy endures as a symbol of courage, sacrifice, and an undying commitment to India’s freedom.
In summary, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose’s early life began in Cuttack, Orissa, in a big family. His dad, Janakinath Bose, was a successful lawyer, making life comfortable. Growing up in a warm family and influenced by spiritual teachings, Bose’s early years shaped him into a hero who later played a crucial role in India’s fight for freedom. His story teaches us about determination, love for our country, and the importance of working towards the greater good. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose remains a beloved figure, inspiring people even today.